Through numerous marriages, my Roberts Cae Merddyn connection is related to Royalty. These include Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Llywelyn Fawr), Llywelyn ap Gruffydd (Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf), and Owain Glyndwr. Syr Tudur Fychan and The Tudor connection brings the English Royal Family into the equation. My grandfather's brother, Jabez Lloyd Roberts married Jane Owen, a direct descendant of the Bulkeley family who are themselves descended from Syr Tudur Fychan. Our Cae Merddyn family is in red print at the bottom right of the tree, with my mother Jean, the penultimate entry on the right hand side.


Royal Garden Party
Buckingham Palace
21st May 2014

I was very humbled and proud to be nominated for this honour
by my colleagues,
let alone to be accepted to attend with my wife Marian
and daughters Kim and Rhian.

Outside Buckingham Palace,
before joining the queue.

On the right tracks
8:46 from Newtown

"We've got a ticket to ride"
Newtown to
London Euston

via Birmingham New Street

Then Euston underground
to Green Park

 En Route
Lord and Lady Davies!
Ladies Kim and Rhian

Buckingham Palace


Buckingham Palace Gardens

Here at last!

The Garden Plan

The various 'Tea Tents'

Garden Grounds

"How very interesting.... now please excuse One,
as One has to find Ken and his family...... apparently we're related through marriage, and he said something about Wrexham Football Club."
"Ah.... there he is with Marian ...
 she's apparently related to Dick Whittington"

Very Tasty!!


Entertainment - they played tunes from Lion King
"One must return to One's Palace"
Just passing

Meeting selected guests

A last photo at The Palace
By Royal Appointment?

Green Park, outside Buckingham Palace

On our way home

Aaaaaw, pethau bach........ zzzzzzzzzzzz

This was an enjoyable, perfect day,
the weather was just right. 
A very tired, but happy Davies family,
arrived back in Newtown at 22.20.



1354 Owain Glyndwr born (28 May), believed to have been at Little Treffgarne. Son of Gruffydd Fychan II and Elen ferch Tomas ap Llywelyn.

1366 Owain  made a ward of Robert Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, who held Castell Dinas Bran

Castell Dinas Bran

c1368 Owain was made a page at Chirk Castle, the main home of Robert Fitzalan. Here Owain began his training as a soldier.

1370 Owain studies law at the Inns of Court, London

1383 Owain returned to Wales, married Margaret, daughter of David Hanmer. Her three brothers, Griffith, Philip  and John, supported Owain's cause.
Owain and Margaret had eleven children.
Six sons: 
Gruffydd, Madoc, Maredydd, Tomos, Sion and Dewi.

All became captains in Owain's uprising.

Five daughters:
Isabel married Adda ab Iorwerth Ddu.
Alicia married Sir John Scudamore.
Janet married John Croft
Margaret married Roger Monnington
Katherine married Sir Edmund Mortimer after he became her father's ally.
She became known as 'Gwenllian of the Golden Locks'.

Glyndwr also fathered other children.
1383 Owain established as Squire of Sycharth and Glyndyfrdwy

1384 Owain joined the King's military service. Was on garrison duty for Sir Gregory Sais.

1385 He became shield carrier for Richard II against France.
1385 Owain fights for Richard II at the Battle of Berwick against the Scots. Owain fought bravely, wearing a red feather in his helmet 

1386 Called to give evidence in a trial at Chester involving Scrope v Grosvenor. Both families were using identical Coats of Arms.

1387 Owain was with Richard Fitzalan at the defeat of the Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off the Kent coast.
1387 Appointed chief squire to Admiral Arundel and fights in the naval battle of Cadzard.
1387  Knighted on the death of his father in law, Sir David Hanmer.
1387 Was a squire to Henry Bolingbroke at the Battle of Radcot Bridge.

The Battle of Radcot Bridge
Link reproduced here courtesy of David Ford

1390 Owain returned to live in Wales

1399 Owain submits grievances to Parliament
1399 Coronation of Henry IV (13 October)
1399 Summond to join Henry IV on Scottish expedition

1400 16th September - Owain proclaimed Prince of Wales
1400 Owain instigated a revolt against Henry IV

1400 Owain Glyndwr's Revolt Begins
1400 Llanrwst was depopulated after an attack by Owain. The church was left a blackened ruin.
1400 Owain's men attack; Ruthin (September), Denbigh, Rhuddlan, Flint, Hawarden, Oswestry (22nd September) and Welshpool
1400 Welsh forces suffer defeat at Vyrnwy and retire to the hills (24 September)
1400 Henry IV reaches Shrewsbury
1400 Henry IV arrives in Bangor (October)
1400 Henry IV returns to Shrewsbury having made a circuit of North Wales (15 October)
1400 Owain Glyndwr's estates granted to John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset (8 November)

Parliament meets and shows concern over the situation in Wales (January)
1401 Commons represent to the King and Lords in Parliament that the Welsh are in a dangerous mood (February)
1401 Conway Castle captured by Owain's cousins, Gwilym and Rhys ap Tudur (1 April)
1401 An agreement is reached at Conwy Castle (June)
1401 Hyddgen victory by Rhys Gethin for Owain
1401 Henry IV establishes headquarters at Strata Florida
1401 Owain attacks Welshpool
1401 Castell Dinas Bran besieged by Owain, when it was defended by Thomas Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel
1401 Glamorgan and Gwent invaded by Owain
1401 South Wales campaign started by Henry IV
1401 Owain threatens castle and town of Caernarfon, but failed because it was too well defended. He lost 200 men

1402 Owain attacks Lordship of Ruthin, captures Lord Grey at Bryn Saith Marchog, between the farms of Llwyn y Brain and Bryn (30 January)
1402 Owain destroys Denbigh Castle, the headquaters of Henry Percy (Hotspur) since 1399
1402 A blazing comet is seen in the sky (February)

1402 De Grey is captured and imprisoned in Dolbadarn Castle (April)

Dolbadarn Castle

1402 Three armies assemble at Chester, Shrewsbury and Hereford (27 April)
1402 An attempt is made on Owain's life by his cousin Hywel Sele
1402 Owain Glyndwr Battled Griffith ap Gwyn (Who was Trying to Rescue His Father-in-Law Hywel Sele). Gwyn lost 60 of his 200 Men on Llanelltyd Bridge
1402 Hywel Sele tried to kill Owain Glyndwr. But Glyndwr killed Sele and stuffed his body into the hollow Tree of the Ghost (Ceubren yr Ellyll), where it lay hidden for 40 Years

The Battle of Pilleth 
(Welsh Icons website)
Also known as
the Battle of Bryn Glas

Arms of

Edmund Mortimer captured at the battle of Bryn Glas, or Pilleth, where Rhys Gethin was victorious

1402 Cardiff, Abergavenny and Caernarfon feel the force of Owain's attacks
1402 Owain takes on campaigns in Herefordshire
1402 Prince Henry authorised Criccieth Castle to be garrisoned by six men at arms and fifty archers.
1402 Henry IV at Lilleshall, Shropshire (23 July)
1402 Henry IV marches into Wales (2 September)
1402 Weather appalling. Henry IV's tent blows down
1402 Further attacks by Owain - at Caerphilly, Newport, Caerleon and Usk
1402 Owain invades Herefordshire
1402 Henry IV marches from Hereford to Carmarthen
1402 Caerphilly, Newport, Caerloen and Usk taken by Owain
1402 French land in Carmarthen
1402 Henry IV returns with his army to England.

1403 Prince Henry at the age of 16 is appointed royal deputy in Wales (8 March)
1403 Attacks made by Owain on Llandovery, and Llandeilo is burned (May)
1403 Henry, Prince of Wales, at Shrewsbury. He informs the King that Owain Glyndwr, Prince of Wales, is about to invade England.
1403 Dryslwyn Castle, Newcastle Emlyn and Dinas Powys Castles attacked
1403 Owain's homes at Sycharth and Glyndyrdwy destroyed by Henry, 'Prince of Wales'
1403 Surrender at Carmarthen Castle (6 July)
1403 Owain Glyndwr at St Clears (9 July)
1403 Hotspur raises the standard of revolt in Chester (10 July)
1403 Negotiations with Carew (12 July)
1403 Owain consults a soothsayer about his future prospects
1403 Battle of Shrewsbury (Owain was at Carmarthen) (21 July)
1403 Henry IV arrives at Worcester (8 September)
1403 Owain's army failed in an attack on Caernarfon Castle and town of Caernarfon (November)

1404 Parliament places Henry, Prince of Wales, in control of operations in Wales (January) 
1404 Owain captures the castles of Criccieth, and burns it to the ground
1404 First Welsh Parliament is held in Machynlleth, and Owain Glyndwr is crowned Prince of Wales.

Owain Glyndwr
1404 John Trefor, Bishop of St Asaph, gives Owain his support
1404 Conference at Dolgellau (10 May)
1404 Owain appoints Griffith Yonge as his Chancellor
1404 Owain appoints John Hanmer, his brother in law, as his special ambassador to conclude an alliance with the French
1404 Treaty with France
1404 Battle at Mynydd Cwm Ddu
1404 Battle of Craig y Dorth
1404 Coity Castle is attacked
1404 Welsh attack on Archenfeld (10 June)
1404 Harlech Castle captured by Owain
1404 Owain fails in another attempt to capture Aberystwyth Castle. He used the latest in siege technology and machines, but the small garrison of 28 men prevented the Welshmen from taking it. 
1404 Bangor Cathedral is burnt by Owain because the Bishops supported Henry IV
1404 Owain Glyndwr held the last Welsh Parliament in Dolgellau. It was from here that Owain Glyndwr sent letters to the Kings of Scotland and France, asking for help and pleading the justice of his fight against English usurpation, signing himself  'Owinus, Dei gratia princeps Walliae datum apud Dolgeuelli 10 mie mensis Maii, MCCCC quatro'
1404 A formal treaty of alliance between Wales and France is signed (14 July)
1404 Henry Don led an attack on Kidwelli, assisted by William and Gwyn ap Rhys Llwyd
1404 Owain occupies Harlech. It surrendered after sickness and starvation had reduced the garrison to twenty one men. Glyndwr made the castle his headquarters for four years (October)
1404 An English army is sent to break the siege of Coity Castle (14 November)
1404 Force assembled at Hereford under Prince Henry
1404 Assassination attempt on Owain by Dafydd Gam

1405 Owain ratifies his treaty with the French at Aberystwyth Castle (12 January)
1405 Lady Despenser attempts to abduct the Mortimer heirs and bring them to Caerffili Castle (February)
1405 Prince Henry is appointed Lieutenant in North Wales with 500 men at arms and 3,000 archers at his command (27 April)
1405 A Welsh force led by Rhys Gethin is defeated at Grosmont (11 March)
1405 Battle at Pwll Melyn, Usk. Glundwr's brother Tudur is killed and his eldest son is captured and taken to the Tower of London (May)
1405 John Hanmer, is captured and a reward of £26 13s 4d is given to the man who took him prisoner.
1405 Gruffydd Yonge is also captured
1405 The French sail from Brest (22 July)
1405 Owain holds a Parliament in Harlech (1 August)
1405 A large Welsh and French force marches to Worcester (10 August)
1405 Haverfordwest was burned by the forces of Charles VI of France an ally of Owain Glyndwr.

Charles VI of France

Haverfordwest Castle

1405 Owain holds a second Parliament at Harlech. It is attended by ambassadors from Scotland, France, Brittany and Castile
1405 Henry IV invades Wales again - enters Glamorgan and relieves Coity Castle (10 September)

Coity Castle

1405 Henry IV back at Worcester (1 October)
1405 Owain Glyndwr returns to Harlech

1406 Owain signs a treaty at Aberystwyth Castle, ratifying a Franco-Welsh treaty (12 January)
1406 Tripartite Indentiture signed and sealed by Owain, Edmund Mortimer and the Earl of Northumberland, their aim being to divide Henry IVs kingdom into three separate principalities. This meeting was held at the house of Dafydd Daran, Dean of Bangor, in Aberdaron. (28 February)
1406 Owain summons a Parliament at Pennal and a letter is written to the King of France, pledging full support for Pope Benedict XIII of Avignon. It is sent to Paris with several of Glyndwr's ambassadors
1406 31st March. The Pennal letter was delivered to Paris by Owain's envoys, Hywel Eddoyer and Maurice Kerry.

Cefn Caer
Owain Glyndwr's
Mediaeval House

(click here to enter website)

Used by Owain Glyndwr
when the Pennal Policy was drawn up.

Cefn Caer is a grade 2* listed building and a pre fifteenth century Mediaeval Hall House situated in Pennal near Machynlleth, Wales.
This hall house, which stands proudly on a hillock which overlooks the village of Pennal and the surrounding countryside, has been built on the remnants of a first century Roman fort in an area that is steeped in ancient history and folklore.

The site, shortly to be signposted, is a mere 5 miles from Machynlleth and 7 miles from Aberdovey and can be found on the A493 Machynlleth to Aberdovey road.

Photos and text reproduced here
by kind permission of

Mr Elfyn Rowlands

1406 Prince Henry is appointed King's deputy in Wales (5 April)
1406 Lent. Prince Owain Glyndwr presided over the last assembly of an independent Wales.
1406 Gower, Towi and Ceredigion submit to the King.
1406 A Royal Commission is opened at Beaumaris for granting pardons and assessment of fines (10 November)

1407 Not a great deal of information available for the early part of the year
1407 Henry IV's health starts to fail
1407 Preparations are made to Attack Aberystwyth and Harlech Castles
1407 Pestilence in Wales
1407 Assault by Prince Henry on Aberystwyth
1407 Aberystwyth garrison make terms (September)
1407 Prince Henry returns to England leaving 500 soldiers at Strata Florida
1407 Owain slips into Aberystwyth Castle (October)
1407 Severe weather from December to the end of March 1408

1408 Earl of Northumberland and his allies defeated at the Battle of Bramham Moor (19 February)
1408 Glyndwr sends two envoys to Paris to make a desperate appeal for assistance
1408 Aberystwyth Castle is captured by Prince Henry
1408 Seige of Harlech Castle. Edmund Mortimer dies of starvation

1409 Harlech Castle falls to a substantial English force of one thousand men, led by John Talbot, the Earl of Shrewsbury. Owain's wife, two of his daughters and three of his grand-daughters are captured and taken to London
1409 Glyndwr is now without a base
1409 Pardons are granted by the King to Howel ap Gwilym, Abbot of Conwy, and Lewis Byford, Bishop of Bangor

1410 Owain makes a raid on the Shropshire border to obtain provisions. Rhys Ddu, Philip Scudamore and Rhys ap Tudur are captured and exectued

1411 A pardon is granted to Adam of Usk, who claimed to be a follower of Glyndwr. 'against his will'.

1412 Owain Glyndwr seizes Dafydd Gam of Brecon and Llantilio Crosseny
1412 A ransom is paid to Owain for the release of Dafydd Gam (June)
1412 Last known sighting of Owain Glyndwr.

1413 Death of Henry IV and Prince Henry becomes Henry V
1413 Pardons offered to all followers of Owain Glyndwr (May)
1413 A Welshman who came to London is paid £1 for secret information regarding 'Ewain Glendourdy'
1415 Owain finds refuge at Monnington (?)
1415 Gilbert Talbot is empowered by Henry V to offer Owain a pardon (15 July)
1415 Supposed death of Owain Glyndwr (20 September)

1416 Maredydd ab Owain makes a final attempt to rally opposition in north Wales, with the support of the Scots
1416 Maredydd ap Owain is sent with offer of a pardon (24 February)
1416 Celebrating the end of the war in Wales, Henry V makes a pilgrimage to St Winifred's Well, Holywell

1420 John, Duke of Bedford is empowered to treat Maredydd ab Owain regarding the possibility of his serving under the King in Normandy

1421 Maredydd ab Owain finally accepts a pardon from Henry V.

1430 Death of chronicler Adam of Usk

1433 Sir John Scudamore, Glyndwr's son in law is dismissed as Sheriff of Herefordshire

1948 Parlaiment repeals certain Acts of Parliament that are deemed out of date. Among them is an Act against Owain Glyndwr

1956 Heraldic slab of Madog ap Gruffydd the great gradnfather of Owain Glyndwr is found at Valle Crucis Abbey

Valle Crucis Abbey

click here to visit website

'Elystan the Renowned',
founder of one of the Royal Tribes of Wales -
the dynasty of Rhwng Gwy a Hafren (Between Wye & Severn), and the later Princes of Maelienydd and Elfael

Gathering to celebrate
1,000th anniversary of a Welsh legend
(County Times article)

According to one manuscript, Elystan was slain in a civil brawl on Long Mountain near Welshpool. Elystan was buried at a chapel in a place subsequently named Trelystan on the south east slopes of Long Mountain. Some records describe the place as Capel Tref Elystan.

Philip hopes to organise a gathering of the descendants of Elystan at Llanbister in October, with visitors coming from as far afield as America.

Elystan may have hundreds if not thousands of potential descendants. His son, Cadwgan, had five sons. The lineage was obviously a good one because one of Cadwgan's sons, Idnerth, had three sons - one of whom, Madog, then went on to also have five sons.

Two of Madog's sons, Cadwallon and Einion ruled respectively over Maelienydd and Elfael. They were not on good terms, and in 1160 Cadwallon seized Einion before handing him over to the King of Gwynedd, Owain Gwynedd, who surrendered him to Henry II.

In a move which could have come straight out of Robin Hood, Einion escaped custody. In 1176 both brothers rallied in the re-establishment of Cwm Hir Abbey.

Elystan has many modern royal descendants including the Countess of Wessex, said the chairman of the Abbey-cwm-hir Heritage Trust, Dr John Davies. "It's possible that one of the later members of his family was buried at the Abbey at Abbey-cwm-hir," said Dr Davies.

"It was quoted in a document in the year 1234 about a relation dying at the Abbey and it's possible we've found the grave niche.

"When you talk about the princes of Wales, people don't necessarily think of the princes of Powys.

"We have a lot more records available than people may think. We often hear about these figures as being mythical but there is no such thing in Wales - we have British court records, letters between French and Scottish royalty and the Welsh.

"The amount of research in the last 20 years means that we are starting to write biographies of courtiers as well as princes. The internet has helped enormously to generate interest and many amateurs are doing great work," he said.

Much later than Elystan's death, in the 13th and 14th centuries, the house of Mortimer succeeded in acquiring complete possession of the lands of the Elystan dynasty. The anniversary gathering is due to take place in October. For more information on Elystan, visit the website 


Adam = Eve
Seth = Akilia
Enos = Naomi
Cainan = Mualeleth
Mahalalel = Dinah
Jared = Baraka
Enoch = Edni
Methuselah = Edna
Betenos = Lanech
Emzarah = Noah
Sedeqetelebab = Shem
****** = Arphaxad
Melka = Cainan
***** = Salah
***** = Eber
***** = Peleg
***** = Reu
***** = Serag
***** = Nahor
***** = Terah
Serah = Abraham
Rebekah = Isaac
Leah = Jacob (King of Gosha)
Tamar = Judah
Zera = *****
Darda = *****
Ericthonius (King of Dardania) = *****
Tros (King of Troy) = *****
Assaracus = *****
Capys = Themiste
Anchises d.1180BC = *****
Aetheas (King of Latvia D 1175BC) = Creusa
Iulus Ascanius (King of Alba Longa) = *****
***** = Selyf Hen
***** = Brutus
***** = Locrinus
***** = Madog
***** = Mymbyr
***** = Efrog Gadarn
***** = Brutus Darianlas
***** = Lleon
 = Rhun Baladr Bras (King of Britain) 
***** = Bleiddud
**** = Llyr d 810BC
Rhagan Dir = Henwyn
Cunedda = *****
Rhiwallan = *****
Gwrwst = *****
Sesyllt = *****
Antonius = *****
Aedd Mawr = *****
Prydani = *****
Dyfnath = *****
Crydon = *****
Cerwyd = *****
Eneid = *****
***** = Manogan
Don = Beli Mawr c 110BC
***** = Lludd Llaw Ereint c 80BC
***** = Afallach ap Lludd c 45BC
***** = Owain ap Afallach c 10BC
*****= Prydein ap Owain c AD25
***** =  Dubwn ap Prydein c AD60
***** Eufwn ap Dubwn c AD95
***** = Anwrid ap Eufwn c AD130
***** = Dufn ap Anwrid c AD 165 
***** = Doli ap Dufn c AD200
***** = Cein ap Doli c AD235
Tacitus ap Cein c AD270 = *****
Paternus Pasrut c AD305 = *****
Aeternus ap Paternus c AD340 = *****
Cunedda Wledig c AD390 = *****
Einion Yrth c AD445-470 = *****
Cadwallon Lawhir c AD470 - 517 = *****
Maelgwn Gwynedd AD 517 - 549 = *****
Rhun ap Maelgwn AD549 - 586= *****
Beli c AD586 - 599 = *****
Iago ap Beli AD599 - 613 = *****
Cadfan ap Iago AD613 - 625 = *****
Cadwallon ap Cadfan AD625 = *****
Cadwalladr Fendigedig d AD664 = *****
Ifwr AD664 - c684 = *****
Idwal c AD684 - 712 = *****
Rhodri Molwynog d AD 754 = *****
Cynan Dindaethwy d AD 816 = *****
Gwriad AD816 - 825 = Ethyllt
Merfyn Frych d AD844  = Nest
Rhodri Mawr = Angharad
Aranawd ap Rhodri AD878-916  = *****
Idwal Foel  d AD943= *****
Iago ap Idwal Foel = *****
Cynan ap Iago d c 1039 = Rhangell
Gruffydd ap Cynan 1055 - 1137 = Angharad
Owain Gwynedd 1100 - 1170 = Gwladys
Iorwerth Drwyndwn = Margaret
Llewelyn ap Iorwerth = Joan
Gruffydd = Senena
Llywelyn ap Gruffydd = Eleanor de Montford
Phillip ap Ifor = Catherine
Thomas ap Llywelyn = Eleanor
Sir Tudur Fychan = Margaret
Goronwy ap Tudur = Myfanwy
Gwilym ap Gruffydd = Morfydd
William Bulkeley = Elin
Rowland Bulkeley = Ales Berkinsall
Sir Richard Bulkeley = Catherine Griffith
Sir Richard Bulkeley = Annes Needham
Arthur Bulkeley = Jane
William Bulkeley = Mary Williams
William Bulkely = Gaynor Wynn
Arthur Bulkeley = *****
Edward Bulkeley = Cecily Bulkeley
Robert Bulkeley = Elin Wynn
Robert Bulkeley = Dorothy Lewis
Robert Bulkeley = Margaret Hughes
Richard Rowland = Dorothy Bulkeley
William Lewis = Margaret Rowland
John Owen = Hannah Lewis
Jabez Lloyd Roberts = Jane Owen
/ (brother)
Owen John Roberts = Sarah Michell Jenkins
William Owen Davies = Jean Roberts
Ken Davies = Marian Joyce Wilson
Kimberley Selene Davies & Rhian Jane Davies   


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